Commonwealth Orthopaedic Associates (COA) has Sports Medicine Physicians that are specifically trained to evaluate and treat sports related concussions. Concussions, also known as Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), are treated much differently than they were just a short 10 years ago, thanks to important, ongoing research. Here is a short list of important facts about concussions.
- A concussion can occur from a blow to the head or to the body that jars or shakes the brain inside the skull.
- Concussions cannot be seen or diagnosed with testing such as MRIs or CT scans.
- Generally, there is not any bleeding, hemorrhaging, or bruising associated with a concussion.
- Concussions cause a disruption to how the brain works on a cellular level.
- Symptoms of a concussion are not always immediate, and may present themselves gradually.
- Some of the common symptoms of a concussion include the following: headache, nausea or vomiting, sensitivity to light and loud noises, dizziness, fatigue, confusion or feeling “foggy”, amnesia, trouble concentrating, blurry vision.
- Most concussions occur without a loss of consciousness.
- Children tend to take longer to recover from a concussion compared to college or adult aged athletes.
- Concussions or multiple concussions that are not treated properly can lead to long-term and permanent symptoms, including chronic headaches, constant fatigue, sleep disturbances, poor focus, and depression, along with other potential symptoms.
- If a concussion is suspected, do not return to activity until you have been evaluated by a physician that is trained in the evaluation and management of concussions.
The Physicians at COA use computer based testing called ImPACT (if available), along with paper/pencil testing, such as SCAT, in addition to an in depth evaluation to determine concussion severity and the best course of treatment. Our Physicians often times deem it necessary to give school and/or work restrictions (along with sports participation restrictions) to ensure a best possible outcome.
We realize that every concussion is different. Our Physicians at COA strive to provide the best evaluation and treatment possible for each individual patient.