For as long as people have been engaged in athletics, there has been some form of surgical sports medicine. Injuries and the gradual wear and tear of repetitive activities on ligaments, tendons, and joints make the study and practice of sports medicine necessary for both daily comfort and continuing progress in athletics. Commonwealth Orthopaedic Associates provides the highest standards in modern sports medicine and surgical sports medicine to Reading, Wyomissing and surrounding communities.
This high standard of care has led to a partnership with one of the region’s professional sports teams, the Reading Fightin’ Phils. When professional athletes trust us with their sports medicine needs, you can rest assured we take great care in our consultations and offer procedures performed by leading practitioners in the field.
Due to the types of movements that most sports require, related medical problems often occur around the joints and muscles, in the bones, or to the head. Below we summarize some common injuries to some of these parts of the body, but many other less common injuries also occur.
Often the injury of joints occurs in the ligament (fibrous rope connecting bones at a joint) resulting from a sudden twist or rapid unnatural movement of the joint. This causes the ligament to overstretch or tear slightly causing tenderness and swelling, in other words, a sprain. In more severe cases, joint tears manifest as, for example, “blown out knees,” otherwise known as a torn ACL (anterior cruciate ligament). Cartilage can also be worn down or injured causing pain or a wobbly feeling in the joint. Severe tears may require arthroscopic surgery and physical therapy.
Much like joints, muscles are often injured by overextension, torn tendons (fibrous rope connecting muscle to bone) or regular stress. A minor overextension of a muscle is a strain, a stretch or small tear in a tendon, similar to a sprain. Serious tears in tendons can manifest like a torn rotator cuff in the shoulder, when the tendon tears partially and is worn away over time or tears completely with one sudden stress. Tendinitis, a result of regular stress and wearing away of the tendon, results in swelling and a dull pain. Treatments range from rest and anti-inflammatories to surgery and physical therapy depending on severity.
Fractures from impact or wear and tear are by far the most common bone injury in sports medicine. A person slams their bone against a surface at such force or angle that the bone breaks. Fractures vary in severity, from the benign hairline fracture from long term use to the clean break or multiple fractures from impact. Treatments range from rest, setting and casting the bone, or surgery that fixes the bone with pins and plates. Sports are as old as civilization and a vital part of enjoying life while staying healthy, however they do carry an inherent risk. Commonwealth Orthopaedic Associates is here to ensure our community can continue to enjoy sports, after injury and at any age.